The 2011 cricket World Cup, to be jointly hosted by India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, is expected to cost $40-50 million.The figure was worked out at a preliminary meeting of the 2011 World Cup sub-committee looking into operations planning and event budgeting on Wednesday, said tournament director and Cricket Board’s Chief Administrative Officer, Prof Ratnakar Shetty.The preliminary meeting, in which two representatives of the International Cricket Council, including its general manager (commercial) Jamie Campbell, guided the member countries’ representatives on the intricacies in preparing the budget for the event, said Shetty.”The 2011 World Cup is an ICC event to be jointly organised by Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and India. All the expenses are to be borne by the ICC. The representatives of the member countries were told by the ICC representatives how to take care of the expenses”, Shetty told reporters after the meeting.Shetty said each of the organising country is different as far as expenses in hosting matches are concerned.
Kolkata: Worried over the huge number of vacant seats in the Hindi department, Presidency University (PU) is planning to expand its Humanities stream by introducing Comparative Literature from the next academic year.”At present, 128 seats at undergraduate and post graduate are lying vacant and most of them are in the Hindi and Philosophy department. We have been witnessing this for the last six or seven years. Hence, we are thinking of transforming the subject,” said Anuradha Lohia, Vice-Chancellor of PU. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to a senior administrative official of the university, the meeting of the faculty council and the governing body will be held soon to take a decision on how to address the problem.It may be mentioned that the varsity will further extend the dates of admissions till September 15 for Hindi and Philosophy and if the situation persists, then the university may also bring down the number of seats in Hindi. The present number stands at 48.”Jadavpur University has Comparative Literature as a subject at the undergraduate level which focuses on both Indian and Europeon Literature. We are planning to introduce Comparative Literature with the focus entirely on Indian Literature,” a senior official said.According to Lohia, it has been a big challenge on the part of the university to fill up the seats in Hindi. “We have found that a good number of students who study Hindi in rural colleges but the number of students pursuing the subject in Kolkata are not many,” the V-C maintained.
Microsoft Word has endured many changes over the years. Depending upon whom you ask, some of the changes have been for the better; others, not so much. Throughout all the variations, however, one factor has remained constant: Microsoft has not always made the best choices in choosing some of the default settings.For example, you might not agree with Microsoft’s decision to put your files in My Documents automatically. As a result, just about everyone can benefit from making some easy tweaks to their copies of Word 2007 (the version that is the focus of this article). By changing the program to work the way you want it to, you’ll get more work done with less aggravation.Reveal the Paragraph MarksOne of the first alterations you might want to make is to turn on the paragraph marks, which signal the end of a paragraph with the “¶” symbol. These symbols do not appear when you print a document, but for several reasons it’s helpful to have them in your documents.First, these marks “contain” the formatting for a paragraph, and you can copy and paste a paragraph symbol to copy one paragraph’s attributes to another. Similarly, if you delete the symbol, the paragraph will be joined with the next, and take on its attributes. You might not want this result, so being able to see the paragraph mark may help you avoid deleting it by accident. Finally, some people have the bad habit of using paragraph ends to force lines to break where they want them, which can cause a lot of extra work if you later decide to reformat the document with a different font size or line length.To turn on the paragraph marks, start with the Office button in the upper left corner of the Word window, and choose the Word Options button at the bottom of the window. This will open the Word Options window, which is where you can make most of the customization changes. (In the rest of this article, we’ll simply say “open the Word Options window” rather than repeat the instructions on how to open it.)Choose Display in the left column menu to show the display options. Check the Paragraph marks check box in the section marked “Always show these formatting marks on the screen”. Then choose the OK button to accept the change. Now your paragraph marks will show on the screen as you type. Note that this will also show line breaks (which start a new line but not a new paragraph) with an “8” symbol. You can also use the Display options to turn on other handy formatting characters, such as tab symbols.Put Your Files Where You Want ThemAnother niggling problem: By default, Word always puts your new files in the My Documents folder. But you’ll likely prefer to save most of your documents to some other folder, depending on how you have your hard drive organized. For example, maybe you write letters that you typically want to save in a Letters folder instead of in My Documents. With the default settings, you must change the destination folder whenever you go to open or save a file. But you can change that easily.Open the Word Options window, and choose the Save option on the left menu. The top section has the heading “Save documents”. In the last line of that section, marked “Default file location”, enter the name of the folder that you want to use as the default. In this case, I’ve entered C:Letters as the new setting, but you can enter any location you like. Choose the OK button when you’re satisfied. You can also use the Browse button to navigate around your hard drive and find the folder you want.While you’re on the Save options screen, consider making one other handy change. Starting with Office 2007, Word uses the “.docx” file format by default. This is fine if you never have to share documents with anyone else, or if everyone you work with has Word 2007. But if you have to share your files with people who have older versions of Office, they may not be able to read these files conveniently. In order to give them a format that they can use, you need to remember to use the Save As command and change the Save as type setting to Word 97-2003 document (*.doc) every time you start a new file, so that you save it in the standard .doc file format.If you always want to create the older file format, you can make it the default choice by opening the Word Options window, and in the “Save options” section, changing the entry for “Save files in this format:”. Choose the format you prefer from the drop-down list, such as “Word 97-2003 document (*.doc)”. Choose OK, and the next new document you create will be saved using this format by default.An Extra Ounce of PreventionPrior versions of Word had a “Fast Saves” feature that fortunately has been eliminated in Word 2007. (The feature resulted in larger files that had a higher chance of becoming corrupted.) One feature that has been retained from past versions, however, is Word’s ability to automatically create a backup of a file whenever you save it. This can provide some excellent protection against dumb mistakes, like deleting half of a chapter. For some reason, Microsoft does not turn on the backup feature by default. But with backups turned on, you will always have a copy of the previous version as well as your most recently saved version. (Note that this is not the same as Word’s AutoRecover function that only helps you in the event of a system crash or similar event.)To turn on the backup feature, open the Word Options window, and choose Advanced from the left menu. Then scroll down to the section marked Save, and put a check in the check box for “Always create a backup copy”. This change just may save your bacon some day. The only drawback to automatic backups is that they do take up storage space. While this is not a serious problem in today’s era of enormous hard drives, you still may want to clean them out from time to time. (Fortunately, these backups use the .wbk file extension, which makes them easier to find.)Choose a Different Default FontWord 2007 comes with a bunch of new and attractive fonts, and uses them for some of its default styles. For example, the Normal style by default uses 11-point Calibri, which many people find to be a clean, sans-serif font. But perhaps you prefer a more classical look to your documents–say, a serif font like New Times Roman in 12 point, or perhaps even the typewriter-like monospace Courier New in 12 point. Luckily it’s relatively easy to pick another font as the default for your documents.Start by typing some text in a new document; then select the text. (Ctrl+A will select it all.) Use the Home tab on the Ribbon and change the text to the font settings that you prefer using the boxes in the Font section of the Ribbon. Then right-click the Normal button in the Styles section of the Ribbon, and choose “Update Normal to Match Selection”. This will reset the Normal style in this document to your new settings.Now, the next part may seem a bit strange at first, but hang in there. Change to the View tab on the Ribbon, and click on the top half of the Macros button at the far right of the Ribbon to open the Macros window. Next, choose the Organizer button on the Macros window to open the Organizer window. Then change to the Styles tab. You should see two lists of styles; one for your current document on the left, and one for the Normal.dotm on the right (as shown in the full-size screen shot). Select the Normal style in your current document, and then choose the Copy button.You will see a message box asking if you want to overwrite the Normal style in the Normal template. Choose Yes, and the default font for your documents will be changed. The next time you start a new Blank document, your new font choice will show up as the Normal style font.Lose the Wasted SpaceMicrosoft made another decision about the Normal style that you might want to change. By default, it leaves an extra 10 points of blank space after each new paragraph before the next line starts. If you prefer to have the spacing between paragraphs be single-spaced, just like the lines of text, here’s how to make the change.As before, create a new document and type a bit of text. On the Ribbon, switch to the Page Layout tab. In the section marked Paragraph, under the heading Spacing, change the After setting from 10 to 0. Then use Ctrl-A to select all the text (and the paragraph mark), and then switch back to the Home tab on the Ribbon. Right-click on the Normal style button, and choose “Update Normal to Match Selection”. This will change the paragraph spacing for all paragraphs in this document.Repeat the same steps as for changing the font in the Normal template. Use the View tab on the Ribbon, click on Macros, then Organizer, then the Styles tab. Copy the Normal style from your current document to the Normal template, and confirm your choice when the window appears. Now all your new documents will have single spacing between paragraphs.It isn’t hard to get Word set up to work the way you want, instead of Microsoft’s guess at what’s best for you. These six tweaks should make your work with Word more efficient. They also serve as an introduction for many of the places where you can easily customize the program to meet your needs. Explore some of the other settings, and you may find ones that can make a big difference. Brought to you by PCWorld Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals 9 min read November 17, 2008 Register Now »
Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. How Success Happens 3 min read June 12, 2015 Terrible cooks, take note: A new “smart” chef is coming to the rescue, a futuristic little oven that automatically recognizes the food you put in it and — voila — cooks it to perfection for you. All you have to do is rustle up the grub and turn a knob.The Jestsons-esque mini cooking machine is called the June Intelligent Oven. It’s a quad core processor-powered computer that cooks, toasts, roasts and bakes and broils, basically without any input from you, well, other than the food itself.Designed by former Apple engineers Nikhil Bhogal and Matt Van Horn, the touchscreen countertop cooker uses some fancy tech — “Food ID” algorithms, an internal HD camera and digital scales in its four “feet” — to figure out what you’ve placed inside of it, how hot to cook it to and for how long. Within seconds, it identifies the food and gets cookin’.Related: Modernist Cuisine’s Food Lab and the Science of FlavorFor a taste of what June does, dig in:“Like cruise control on your car, June continually calculates the power needed to maintain a constant temperature,” so says the product’s website. Cooking on cruise control. Now there’s a hot mess we can get behind.Goodbye constantly getting up to check on your food (and some of the sensual, experimental joys of cooking). Hello more of whatever else you’d like to do while it auto-cooks. You’ll know exactly the moment your food is done because the Wi-Fi-enabled oven lets you know on your smartphone. It sends push notifications to you via June’s free companion app, which — get this — lets you see (and drool over) a live video feed of your food as it cooks. You know, to build up your appetite and make you feel like you’re still in control. The app also invites you to indulge your forn addiction, enabling you to snap selfies of your noms and, yes, serve them fresh on Instagram, too.Related: This Unassuming Kitchen Tool Blocks Wi-Fi So You Can Take Back MealtimeRigged with carbon fiber heating elements, the gizmo heats to 350 degrees Fahrenheit in just about four minutes. As for what you can whip up with June, it’s designed to cook “pretty much anything.” Cookies, pies, meats, veggies, breads. You can even dry fruit in it, if you’re into that kind of thing.Bummer, not all foods are recognized by June just yet. The beta units, slated for release this fall, will only identify 15 commonly cooked ones to start. But its makers say the more people use it, the smarter it gets. They also plan to issue “Food ID” software updates over time. So fear not. June should eventually know that you like your ribeye roast medium rare. You’ll still be stuck on basting duty, though.At $1,500 a pop, June’s price tag seems a touch overcooked. Maybe not if you’re a kitchen tech collector or just plain sick of burning dinner. It’s available for pre-order today with a $95 deposit. Non-beta units are expected to ship next spring, hopefully in time for glazed Easter ham. Who’s hungry?Related: OMG Yes: A Smart Mattress Cover That Can Brew Your Morning Coffee Listen Now
Register Now » For a startup to get through the teething stage and gain recognization, it must have its own unique system. It must consider as all-important such activities as hiring, training and the outsourcing of development, plus such elements as brand, structure and values.Related: 5 Things Small Businesses Should OutsourceAlong the way, outsourcing is a common practice many startups use to complete these tasks. In fact, I know startup entrepreneurs who outsource virtually every task.There’s good reason for that: Outsourcing can lead to high levels of productivity at relatively reduced costs. A study by Intetics revealed that outsourcing can save companies 60 percent on overhead costs.What you outsource depends on the nature of your business and your goals, of course. But you’ve got to approach outsourcing the right way or risk losing money and even putting your business at risk.For example, you may want to outsource the development of your mobile app, because you don’t have the technical expertise required. Better yet, you may want professionals to handle things at a lower cost so you can focus on a a higher revenue-generating task, such as marketing.The truth is, you can outsource every aspect of your business if you choose, but considering how vital one aspect — development — is to every startup, you should look particularly closely at the following seven things to know about outsourcing it.1. Choose the right third party to work with.Creating a brand that you’ll be proud of requires deliberate efforts. One of the daring steps involved here is deciding who handles your development (e.g., app development). Should you hire an agency or freelancers? Most of the startup entrepreneurs I’ve interacted and worked with prefer working with agencies.However, if you’re tight on budget (most startups are), seriously consider going to a place like Meetup.com to find a technical co-founder.Remember that whether you’re going to hire an agency or individual freelancers, there are both pros and cons to each. Conduct your research first.2. Consider technology standards.Technology has redefined web and app development, or any type of development for that matter. For this reason, when outsourcing, consider the technology standards you’re using.As an example, mobile usage has almost drowned desktop usage, with a 58 percent growth rate year over year. If you’re developing a website for your startup, you can’t possibly hire professionals who don’t understand responsive design.More so, if you plan to generate traffic, leads and customers from search engines, Google expects you to make your web and mobile applications mobile-friendly.Chaim Sajnovsky, founder at B7Dev.com, suggests that, “Being able to feature up-to-date technologies in your development is critical. Otherwise, your project will be outdated.”3. Include personalized communication.Don’t outsource development if there’s no guarantee of a personalized communication. Why? Because sooner or later you’ll encounter technical issues after the project has been completed.To ensure a seamless communication, be aware of the time-zone difference to help you make smart decisions about when to outsource your services, and whom to put in charge.If you’re based in California, for example, and you’re in the process of hiring an agency/freelancer in Johannesburg, South Africa, do well to understand when to send emails, put a call across or submit a support ticket.Related: 5 Tasks Entrepreneurs Are Better Off Outsourcing4. Don’t neglect intellectual property considerations.What rights do you have on your mobile app properties? I’m not an attorney, but from my personal experience, I’ve found that some legal jurisdictions have little or no regard for intellectual property like software.It may interest you to know of estimates that say approximately 61 percent of software used in most Asian countries and 58 percent in India are pirated. How many of these crimes have resulted in lawsuits? How many of those lawsuits have been litigated?That said, when outsourcing developments (web, app, software, etc.), it’s your responsibility to secure your intellectual property against misuse and theft. So, create those limitations by drafting contracts and nondisclosure agreements which the freelancer/agency will be required to sign and adhere to.As always seek professional legal advice if you have any questions.5. Consider the unique quality of your software or other product.There are some delicate developments you should never outsource to a third-party. Why? Because if you’re talking about a key competency — a key product or service that makes the company unique — you don’t want other people to hijack your edge.This is your company’s “secret sauce,” so trade it with extra care. If you truly want to get the project done, consider hiring an in-house developer to handle it.You may want to outsource operational products such as reservation systems or process automation, but when it comes to creative products like architectural rendering, chip-design programs or consumer games, don’t reveal the secret. Work on these in-house.6. Get regular updates on your company’s progress.You’re in control of your business. So don’t be like all those other CEOs and founders out there who relinquish to a third party 100 percent control of their company’s development. That’s not ideal.Inasmuch as outsourcing development is important, you need to get regular updates to keep abreast of the behind-the-scene processes.Don’t be interested in just the end result, such as the functional software, either. Rather, get involved in the ongoing development. Provide ideas, answer questions, give suggestions. You’ll learn a lot more from the processes than from the end result.If you’re ignorant of software malfunction, or even some minute fact about app development, you may make irrelevant decisions.7. Get what you pay for.At any phase of your startup, be careful not to think that getting cheaper services is the best way to go. I know that you want to save money, and that’s important: 46 percent of startups that fail do so because they run out of money. Specifically, not seeing projected ROI is the reason why fully 80 percent fail.However, you need to keep in mind that you always get what you pay for. That’s a fact of life. And I’m not necessarily suggesting that you should make expensive hires.The bottom line is, choose freelancers/companies that have the experience, modern tools and right skills required to handle your project. At the worst, pay the industry standard fee when outsourcing developments of your software applications.ConclusionIn a world where you’re required to be creative, productive and tenacious in order to cut through the noise, consider outsourcing as your master key. If you’ve tried it in the past but didn’t get the results that you wanted, don’t give up.Related: Why Your Company Should Consider Outsourcing Content CreationUse the above seven-item checklist. Of course, you don’t have to implement everything at once, but be disciplined enough to resort to these tips every so often. That way, you’ll be assured that your startup is in good hands when you outsource development. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global February 17, 2017 7 min read