Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2017 annual report.For more information about Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) 2017 annual report.Company ProfilePortland Holdings Limited, trading as PPC Zimbabwe, manufactures and markets quality cement and cement by-products for the construction industry in Zimbabwe, producing up to 1.8 million tons of cement per annum. Established in 1913, PPC Zimbabwe supplies customers in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The company has three manufacturing plants that are regarded as the most modern operations in southern Africa; located in Colleen Bawn, Bulawayo and Harare. The company has interests in limestone mining, and manufacturing and distributing metallurgical-grade limestone, burnt lime and burnt dolomite; as well as the supply of ready-mix concrete, dry mortars and fly ash. Well-known PPC products available in Zimbabwe include SureBuild, Sureroad, Unicem and PMC. PPC Zimbabwe is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
SIC Insurance Comany Limited (SIC.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the second quarter.For more information about SIC Insurance Comany Limited (SIC.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the SIC Insurance Comany Limited (SIC.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: SIC Insurance Comany Limited (SIC.gh) 2017 interim results for the second quarter.Company ProfileSIC Insurance Company Limited is a leading insurance company in Ghana providing non-life products in the motor, marine and aviation, fire and accident sectors. The motor division covers accidental loss of motorbikes and vehicles and third-party accident, fire and theft. The Marine and Aviation division covers airborne cargoes, ships and fishing vessels, ports and harbour installations and aviation insurance covering aircrafts, cargo and passengers. The Fire division covers accidental destruction of properties including household, personal, commercial and industrial buildings and effects. The Accident division’s coverage ranges from personal and family accidents to cash-in-transit, banker’s indemnity and contractor’s all-risk insurance. SIC Insurance Company also offers workmen’s compensation insurance, general bonds and engineering and construction insurance as well as offering investment, asset and fund management advisory services. SIC Insurance Company was founded in 1955 and its head office is in Accra, Ghana. SIC Insurance Company Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
Super Sam: Warburton was the top ball-carrier against France and returned to his best after a couple of quiet gamesThe Wales we knowAfter a week of harsh words from coaches, supporters and media alike, Wales comprehensively beat France 27-6. It was a welcome return to basic platforms and senior players executing their core skill sets to their maximum ability. The Welsh front row was very effective, with both Adam Jones and Gethin Jenkins dispelling the knee-jerk calls for their retirement. The Welsh back-row were particularly dominant with Dan Lydiate back to his ‘Flymo’ best – dictating the tackle-line and leading the tackle stats for both teams.Whilst Sam Warburton played one of the best games of his career. Rhys Webb made a palpable difference to Wales’ ruck-speed and the resulting fast, clean ball allowed Jamie Roberts and George North to regularly plough over the gainline – Roberts beat more defenders than any other player on the field. North, particularly in the first half, made countless damaging forays over the gainline. North’s name was mentioned so many times in the first half that the commentary sounded like a SatNav. Wales are back in the game – and not just metaphorically. England’s victory against Ireland means that Wales are back in THE game. It’s all to play for.Luke-ing good: Wales’ lineout dominateTight five. TremendousThe Welsh management spoke to every single player this week regarding their performance against Ireland. Publicly, in Wales, it was the front five that received the most criticism. And if the criticism must be damning when things go wrong so must the praise when things go right. The Welsh tight five were superb against France. Despite a very slippery surface which resulted in more slips and slides than an event at Sochi 2014 the Welsh front row dominated their French counterparts.Adam Jones’ scrummaging was powerful and both Richard Hibbard and Gethin Jenkins put in the sort of performance that fuses the role of a front row forward with that of a back rower. Luke Charteris carried Wales out of some very tricky situations and executed a series of wrap tackles that, with his long arms, make it look like the ball carrier has been set upon by a boa constrictor. And let’s not forget Jake Ball’s input which, given the late withdrawal of Alun-Wyn Jones, was particularly pleasing.Clever lineoutThe return of Luke Charteris was always going to benefit the Welsh lineout and it did. The Welsh lineout ran at a comfortable 87.5% – with Wales winning 14 and losing just two. But Charteris’s impact on the Welsh lineout may not be as obvious as you may expect. Whilst Charteris had four clean takes in the game, he was largely used as a decoy. His enormous, obvious, presence in the middle of the lineout created some clear space at the tail, and aided by the accurate throwing of Richard Hibbard, allowed Wales to dominate the back of the set-piece. It created a steady stream of fast, ‘tail’ ball and made Sam Warburton the games’ top lineout jumper. Clever work.Speed merchant: Webb provided quick ballRhys Webb. Fast ballWhilst the quality of Welsh lineout ball at the tail and the work of the pack obviously contributed to the speed of the Welsh ball against France; Rhys Webb also made a significant contribution. His ability to get the ball away from the base of the ruck against France was crisp and allowed Rhys Priestland a valuable extra split second on the ball.It’s no coincidence that Rhys Webb is able to move the ball at greater speed – it’s a matter of bio-mechanics. Webb stands at 5ft 8inches tall – Mike Phillips at 6ft 3iches tall. This means that Webb is able to bend down to the ball and back up again faster than a taller scrum-half can. It’s also no coincidence that the majority of the world’s finest passing scrum-halves have all been under 5ft 10 inches tall – Joost van der Westhuizen being a rare exception. Webb made a valuable contribution against France and deserves another shot against England.Sam Warburton. A captain’s performanceSam Warburton has featured in many a negative headline recently. Many regarding central contracts. Many critical. Many unnecessary. That won’t be the case this week. Warburton was tremendous against France. But it wasn’t just his core skill set which excelled on Friday. Yes, of course his defence and ‘jackaling’ was first class – his body position in some of the rucks was so low that it was lizard-like. But Warburton also excelled in some other, sometimes, less obvious aspects of his game. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Warburton was the pack’s top ball-carrier – even out-carrying the ever impressive Taulupe Faletau. Warburton was the game’s top lineout forward and he demonstrated some slick, instinctive passes which avoided contact and opened up space. And of course he scored a try with a 464lb leg drive – he had Nicolas Mas and Dimitri Szarzewski on his back as he crawled over the line. Bravo, Warbuton. CARDIFF, WALES – FEBRUARY 21: Rhys Webb of Wales kicks clear from the scrum during the RBS Six Nations match between Wales and France at the Millennium Stadium on February 21, 2014 in Cardiff, Wales. (Photo by Michael Steele/Getty Images)
2014 ArchDaily Photographs Year: Area: 146 m² Area: 146 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” “COPY” Japan 2014 Floating House / Satoru Hirota ArchitectsSave this projectSaveFloating House / Satoru Hirota Architects Architects: Satoru Hirota Architects Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/641005/floating-house-satoru-hirota-architects Clipboard Gallery Photographs: Satoru Hirota Architects Tsuda Constructions Co.Ltd., Yusuke Kishimoto Nieda+Hisaeda Architects, Taizen Nieda, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida CopyAbout this officeSatoru Hirota ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsCultural ArchitectureMuseums & ExhibitGalleryResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesJapanPublished on June 12, 2015Cite: “Floating House / Satoru Hirota Architects” 11 Jun 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Photographs South Korea Photographs: Nam-Sun LeeSave this picture!© Nam-sun LeeRecommended ProductsFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaFiber Cements / CementsRieder GroupFacade Panels – concrete skinCeramicsApariciPorcelain Tiles – TangoFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Ductal® Cladding Panels (EU)Text description provided by the architects. The Yeorim, which it is designed into a contemporary residential and retail space that defines the mix of residential and commercial area in Yangjae-Dong, Seoul, South Korea. As the Yeorim is construction of a five storey building with two floors of residential spaces and commercial spaces, I considered how to divided clients’ privacy life and openness for commercial spaces.Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeHaving multiplex dwellings is the way to introduce to solve the problems of housing system for narrow spaces. In a multiplex dwelling, the residents live in a same building, and the households are divided, however it is not an apartment house. It is ironic notion that the building is the form of living itself rather than having in home ownership. It is the fact that when people come the idea of having houses, they follow economic logics than surroundings. At this point, architect meets the major question, how to solve the floor area ratio. It is very natural to follow economic knowledge for using spaces to reach the limitation. However, I wish people to consider its surroundings, designs, the spatial layouts and so on. This is the reason I started this project.Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeSave this picture!Section 1Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeThe building in the city would be prone to protect of privacy and secure lightening. As an architect, I started to make up for weak points of designing this building. In southern residential spaces, it secures lightening but it has lack of privacy. On the other hand in northern residential spaces, there needed to be more lightening. The residential spaces can be hidden by design blocks. For this reason, I used design blocks for keeping the safety and lightening as well as a space for viewing sky. From a particular space the building thus reflects the sky and its surroundings. This space does not belong to floor area ratio which contributes to add more space for residence.Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeSave this picture!Third Floor PlanSave this picture!© Nam-sun LeeFor exterior of the Yeorim used by exposed reinforced concrete and design block. If the reason for using exposed reinforced concrete in Japan is for visual and structural stability caused by earthquakes, Korea, on the other hand, it has focused on vibes of material itself. According to this reason, I intend to emphasis on interior than exterior that using exposed reinforced concrete is simple and clear so there need not to be add more to decorate. It is like giving full stop at the end of sentence.Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeAs an architect, having this project means to think people together what we think less valuable than it actually is.Save this picture!© Nam-sun LeeProject gallerySee allShow lessTenri Station Plaza CoFuFun / nendoSelected ProjectsSaint Andrew’s College Centennial Chapel / ArchitectusSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Seoul, South KoreaLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Year: 2017 ArchDaily Save this picture!© Nam-sun Lee+ 36 Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/873414/yeorim-urcode-architecture Clipboard CopyApartments•Seoul, South Korea “COPY” Architects: URCODE Architecture Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeURCODE ArchitectureOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsSeoulSouth KoreaPublished on June 12, 2017Cite: “Yeorim / URCODE Architecture” 12 Jun 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
ArchDaily Projects Weltpostpark Housing / SSA Architekten CopyApartments•Bern, Switzerland Area: 25500 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/949251/weltpostpark-housing-ssa-architekten Clipboard Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/949251/weltpostpark-housing-ssa-architekten Clipboard Save this picture!© Ruedi Walti+ 34Curated by Paula Pintos Share 2020 Architects: SSA Architekten Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” Weltpostpark Housing / SSA ArchitektenSave this projectSaveWeltpostpark Housing / SSA Architekten Manufacturers: GRAPHISOFT, Viessmann, Ziegelei Hebrok, FEKAClients:Swiss Prime Site Immobilien AG, OltenOwner:Allianz Suisse, Immobilien AG, BernEngineering:Schnetzer Puskas Ingenieure AG, Basel/ WAM Planer und Ingenieure AG, BernLandscape:Fontana Landschaftsarchitektur GmbH, BaselBuilding Physics:Kopitsis Bauphysik AG, WohlenHvac Planning:Eicher+Pauli Luzern AGElectrical Planning:Eproplan AG, BernSanitation Planning:Grünig & Partner AG, Liebefeld-BernSustainability:CSD Ingenieure AG, LiebefeldFire Safety:AFC Air Flow Consulting AG, Zürich / GVB Services AG, IttingenTotal Contractor:Frutiger AG Generalunternehmung, GümligenCity:BernCountry:SwitzerlandMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Ruedi WaltiRecommended ProductsDoorsSolarluxBi-Folding Doors – EcolineDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumDoorsVitrocsaGlass Technology in Hotel BeaulacDoorsStudcoAccess Panels – AccessDorText description provided by the architects. Sustainable architecture in an urban context The last apartments in the SSA Architekten-designed Weltpostpark development are now occupied. The striking six-storey residential buildings have an urban feel about them, while the park-like surroundings and the varied clinker brick facades create a homely atmosphere. What’s more, high-quality architecture also includes affordable residential units, and the development’s demand for energy is met in its entirety by regenerative resources. The Oberes Murifeld site is a heterogeneous mixed residential and urban quarter. Facing the Weltpoststrasse road are the larger office blocks of the Weltpostverein alongside a number of commercial and industrial buildings. A motorway marks the northern limits of the site. In between are a range of villas, allotments, and smaller parks. The design concept of the three residential buildings by SSA Architekten takes its cue from this variety of surrounding elements.Save this picture!© Ruedi WaltiSave this picture!Ground floor planSave this picture!© Ruedi WaltiThe heights of the Weltpostpark buildings are aligned with the six-storey office blocks. The angled volume (House A) establishes a flowing transition to the housing developments and the greenbelt to the west, while the stretched building (House B) shelters a quiet courtyard from the noise of the adjacent motorway. Several spaces for retail and commercial premises along the Weltpoststrasse road are provided on the ground floor of the U-shaped structure (House C). The landscapers of Fontana Landschaftsarchitektur created a park-like environmental concept for the pedestrianised courtyards. It has its starting point in the already established nature protection zone to the west which has now been integrated as a park into the final concept.Save this picture!© Ruedi WaltiThe greenbelt flows through the densely developed site with its sealed surfaces and a variety of communal areas and conveys a welcoming and homely atmosphere. The overall concept creates an attractive, sheltered residential area. This is also helped by the high-quality clinker brick facades. At first sight, the surfaces and colours of the clearly cut structures do not differ much from conventional facades. However, the kilned bricks are not mounted with the clean obverse layer towards the exterior, as would be usual, but with the rough base set into the visible outer side of the wall.Save this picture!© Ruedi WaltiAnother “little difference” can be found in the clay used for the bricks: in House A it tends towards a reddish-brown, House B is more of a brighter red and for House C the architects chose a grey-brown clinker brick. The demand for housing in the city remains high, especially in the affordable price bracket. In House C the monthly net rentals for some of the three-bedroom apartments are set at CHF 2,000.-, which is a very affordable price for a new build apartment in Switzerland. This is also in accordance with the target set by the city of Bern to increase the number of affordable rental units by 1,000 by the year 2025.Save this picture!© Ruedi WaltiSave this picture!© Ruedi WaltiThe developer of the Weltpostpark was one of the first to support this initiative. All buildings are certified to Swiss Minergie-ECO standards and are constructed in accordance with the SIA Energy-Efficiency Path (SIA 2040), and 100% of the demand for energy in the development is met by regenerative sources, including solar energy. Heat output and hot water processing take place through four ice storage systems combined with wastewater heat regeneration.Save this picture!© Ruedi WaltiProject gallerySee allShow lessOrthogonal Grids and Their Variations in 17 Cities Viewed from AboveArticlesApartments for the Employees EUROPA-PARK / archis Architekten +IngenieureSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Bern, SwitzerlandLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share “COPY” Apartments Switzerland Photographs: Ruedi Walti Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Photographs CopyAbout this officeSSA ArchitektenOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsBernOn FacebookSwitzerlandPublished on October 10, 2020Cite: “Weltpostpark Housing / SSA Architekten” 10 Oct 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Comic Relief updates grants strategy to provide more flexible support Tagged with: Comic Relief Finance Funding Improving the health and wellbeing of vulnerable and disadvantaged people About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. 95 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis13 Empowering women and girls to be free to lead the lives they choose Comic Relief has launched an updated grants strategy to enable it to fund new initiatives to drive sustainable change across the UK and overseas, as well as improve its speed and flexibility of response.According to Comic Relief, under the new grant making approach there will be a greater emphasis on strengthening its partnerships with grant recipients in order to co-create initiatives and support people in developing their own solutions to challenges.The application process has also been streamlined to make applying easier, to help Comic Relief respond faster and ensure that funding reaches people more rapidly, and to better support smaller organisations that apply.Grant making will be focused on four key programme areas both in the UK and around the world:Investing in children and young people to help prepare them for the future Building stronger communities in areas of disadvantage, deprivation and povertyComic Relief will also continue in its role of funding programmes that support ‘Tech for Good’ and ‘Sport for Change’, and will continue to support existing partners and projects.Comic Relief is now seeking applications from organisations under its four programme areas. Organisations can apply for funding, or find more details on the Comic Relief site.Judith McNeill, Comic Relief grants director, said:“We want to be more flexible, agile and proactive than ever before with this new strategy. Building on our 30 years of experience, we will continue to fund established and new initiatives that drive sustainable change and transform lives both here in the UK and around the world.” Advertisement 96 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis13 Melanie May | 23 May 2016 | News
The National Milk Producers Federation this week asked the Department of Agriculture to better support dairy farmers who are experiencing losses stemming from the Trump trade agenda. The Federation says in a letter to USDA that the agency needs to better reflect the dairy-farm incomes lost to tariff retaliation when it calculates its next round of trade mitigation payments.NMPF Chairman and dairy farmer Randy Mooney cited four studies illustrating that milk producers have experienced more than $1 billion in lost income since May, when the retaliatory tariffs were first placed on dairy goods in response to U.S. levies on foreign products. In contrast, the first round of USDA trade mitigation payments, announced in August, allocated only $127 million to dairy farmers. The expected impact of the retaliation may result in roughly $1.5 billion in lost revenue for producers during the second half of 2018.The Federal Reserve Bank says that USMCA, the North American Free Trade Agreement replacement, will not benefit dairy farmers. A report by the Federal Reserve says gains made by the new U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement that will replace NAFTA are “too small and too far in the future to help dairy farmers.” The Minneapolis Fed reported that “a substantial number of dairy operations have exited the business since the beginning of the year,” according to CNBC.Dairy was a fixture of the NAFTA renegotiation effort as concessions from Canada were long-sought by President Donald Trump. Before the new agreement, U.S. dairy farmers faced strict import quotas and tariffs. Under the new agreement, which still needs congressional approval, Canada agreed to drop restrictions, allowing U.S. producers to supply up to 3.6 percent of Canada’s dairy market.Source: NAFB News Service Facebook Twitter Home Indiana Agriculture News NMPF Asks USDA to Boost Dairy Trade Aid NMPF Asks USDA to Boost Dairy Trade Aid By NAFB News Service – Oct 25, 2018 SHARE Previous articlePresident Signs Into Law Bill Addressing Opioid CrisisNext articleDonnelly and Young Attend National FFA Convention NAFB News Service Facebook Twitter SHARE
News Help by sharing this information “The only thing we know is that he is imprisoned and is being interrogated,” his brother Moaz said. During the call, Samadi asked them to hand over his laptop to the militiamen for the information it contains, or else “they will arrest you all.” An alarming total of at least 20 journalists have been the victims of enforced disappearance in Yemen since the start of the civil war in 2015, according to a tally by Reporters Without Borders (RSF). They include two journalists who were abducted by armed men in the past few weeks. Follow the news on Yemen YemenMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesProtecting journalists DisappearancesImprisonedHostages Fixer for foreign reporters held in Aden for past five months to go further Receive email alerts August 13, 2019 Total of journalists abducted in Yemen in past five years reaches 20 They also include former Akhbar Al-Yom journalist Abdul Hafiz Al-Samadi, who was kidnapped by a group of armed men as he was heading to a grocery store in the Al-Jarda district of the capital, Sanaa, on 27 July. The family heard nothing for three days, until he managed to call them briefly from a strange number on 30 July. January 6, 2021 Find out more Samadi had contributed to several articles critical of the Houthis. He had stopped working as a journalist since the start of the war in 2015. Many other journalists have done the same for fear of being persecuted because of their journalism, but this has not prevented militiamen from tracking them down subsequently because of what they wrote. They include ten journalists who were taken hostage by the Houthis in Sanaa in 2015 and who are facing possible death sentences. News News News Organisation Most of these 20 journalists were kidnapped by either government forces or non-government forces and, in most cases, their families lack precise information about where they are being held or what has happened to them. A journalist films the site of a Saudi-led air strike in Sanaa in March 2016 (Reuters) Yemeni journalist killed, nine wounded in Aden airport explosions United Nations: press freedom situation “deeply worrying” in Yemen, according to RSF RSF_en YemenMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesProtecting journalists DisappearancesImprisonedHostages Yemen is ranked 168th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. February 11, 2021 Find out more The latest victims include Mareb Today website editor Eyad Saleh, who was taken from his apartment in the southern city of Aden to an unknown location on 6 August by armed men, who also searched his apartment, the Media Freedom Observatory said. “Yemeni journalists are almost systematically targeted by armed forces, regardless of where they are located, and must often defend what they have written,” RSF’s Middle East desk said. “By treating journalists in this way, both the Houthis and the Arab coalition’s allied forces violate journalists’ right to protection.” February 26, 2021 Find out more
2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies Organisation November 19, 2010 – Updated on May 31, 2017 Disappearances of four journalists in Michoacán state all still unsolved Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts News NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say MexicoAmericas Follow the news on Mexico to go further MexicoAmericas May 13, 2021 Find out more News Reporter murdered in northwestern Mexico’s Sonora state RSF_en Four journalists are still missing in the southwestern state of Michoacán, one of the epicentres of the federal offensive against the drug cartels that President Felipe Calderón launched on taking office in December 2006.José Antonio García Apac, the editor of the local weekly Ecos de la Cuenca, has been missing the longest. He disappeared exactly four years ago, on 20 November 2006, just days before the offensive began. It is still not known what happened to him (Read this report).Michoacán is notorious for a cartel called “La Familia,” one of whose chiefs, Arnaldo Rueda, was arrested in 2009. During a recent visit, Reporters Without Borders found that the investigations into these disappearances have all ground to a halt. The State Human Rights Commission (CEDH) has nonetheless undertaken a total of 600 initiatives in 123 disappearances since 2008, its president, Víctor Manuel Serrato Lozano, told us.Complaints about attacks on journalists fill 11 files in the CEDH’s offices. Most of these cases involve illegal searches and threats by the police or armed forces. State agents are just as much to blame for violence against the press as organized crime. And cases that should get priority treatment end up being mislaid due to cumbersome bureaucratic procedures at both the state and federal level.Under Mexico’s federal criminal code, the definition of “forced disappearance” is limited to one in which a government employee or public office holder is implicated. At the same time, the Michoacán state criminal code does not list “disappearance” as a crime. So the disappearances of the four journalists are being investigated as “illegal privation of freedom.” As a result of this legal vagueness, the cases keep on bouncing between the various local and federal departments involved.Meanwhile, the families of the four journalists missing in Michoacán are wearing themselves out pestering the authorities for answers.The investigation into García Apac’s disappearance is virtually at a standstill. The case has been put “on hold” three times, the latest in March 2008, for lack of new evidence on which to proceed. According to his family, he had information about collusion by Michoacán state and municipal officials with drug traffickers and had tried to alert the federal authorities about this several times before he disappeared.Not much more progress has been made in the investigation into Mauricio Estrada Zamora’s disappearance on 12 February 2008 . He was a reporter for La Opinión de Apatzingán, a regional daily. The day before he went missing, it ran a story with his by-line about the arrest of a gang of drug traffickers in the locality of Aguililla. A member of the “anti-kidnapping” squad told the family there could be a link.According to another account, Estrada was involved in a dispute with a man known as “El Diablo” (The Devil), who was in fact a police officer in the former Federal Investigation Agency (a Mexican FBI), an agency given over entirely to combating drug trafficking. The reasons for this dispute never came to light and “El Diablo” was transferred out of Michoacán on 11 February 2008, the day before Estrada disappeared.“The best in the region”Maria Esther Aguilar Cansimbe has been missing since 11 November 2009 and her relatives fear the investigation is going nowhere. Her sister, Maria del Carmen, is convinced the authorities know something and that their silence is deliberate. Aguilar had worked for 10 years for the dailies ABC de Michoacán, Diario de Zamora, El Sol de Zamora and La Voz de Michoacán. She also covered crime and drug trafficking for another daily, El Cambio de Michoacán. “She was the best in the region,” one of its editors told us.Shortly before her disappearance, Aguilar had covered alleged use of violence and abuse of authority by Jorge Arturo Cambroni Torre, the municipality of Zamora’s public security chief. She also covered the arrest of a member of La Familia, Jorge García Garnica, known as “El Bofo” (Fatty), in a heavy-handed army operation. Reporting of this kind often leads to reprisals by either the cartels or law-enforcement officials concerned about protecting their image. Aguilar had received threats and the police were clearly aware of her.Ramón Ángeles Zalpa had been reporting for El Cambio de Michoacán for ten years when he went missing on 6 April of this year. By July, the federal attorney general’s office had initiated 18 proceedings in connections with his case. None of the initiatives has produced results and it now seems less certain that his disappearance was linked to his journalistic work.At least 30,000 people have been killed in the past four years in the federal offensive against the cartels and in organized crime turf wars. Mexico is one of the world’s deadliest countries for the media. A total of 69 journalists have been killed since 2000 and 11 have gone missing since 2003. Twelve have been murdered since the start of the year. A link to the victim’s journalistic work has been established or is probable in eight of these cases. Mexico was ranked 136th out of 178 countries in the press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders published last month.Reporters Without Borders reiterates its request to be involved in consultations about the new mechanisms for protecting journalists that the federal authorities have recommended. May 5, 2021 Find out more News Reports April 28, 2021 Find out more